Where is the meniscus? What causes a meniscus tear? What are the symptoms of meniscus tears?

The meniscus connects the structures in the knee that are not suitable for each other. However, due to some factors, damage or even rupture occurs in this structure. The meniscus, which makes walking difficult and brings severe pain, is usually torn in the elderly and athletes. We searched for those who were curious about the meniscus, which has serious consequences for you. What causes a meniscus tear? What are the symptoms of meniscus tears?

The knee joint is different structures consisting of the thigh, leg and kneecap. These structures are strengthened by the meniscus ligament. When these structures that perform walking activity are damaged, they cause serious health problems. Menisci are composed of structures of neither collagen nor elasticity. The meniscus is a key point for the cartilages to easily support the body’s weight and movement. Meniscus tear, which is likely to be seen in athletes at advanced ages and during pregnancy, can be experienced for many reasons. These are caused by unhealthy diet, sudden movements and a heavy blow to the kneecap. In addition to all these, some experts underline that there is a possibility of meniscus tearing in young people, according to the endurance limit.

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Meniscus, which is likely to be seen in all parts of society, occurs in situations such as knee strain, unbalanced knee bending, lifting the weight that the knee cannot bear, and rotation of the knee during sleep.

It is experienced when the meniscus is forced while standing up, sitting on a chair or during activities such as jumping rope.

In double games such as football, tennis, basketball, any blow from the opposite or sudden movement of the body during the game also causes meniscus tear.


Oblique tear, that is, oblique meniscus, seen at a young age is the most common.

Degenerative meniscus tears

Horzintal meniscus

radial meniscus

Tearing due to complex i.e. many reasons


After the meniscus is torn, the pain does not manifest itself in the first time. However, when the knee continues to move, swelling and edema increase and the severity of pain increases.

Different sounds from the knee during movement

Swelling and stiffness around the knee

Inability to get up from the locked place during knee movement

It manifests itself with signs of difficulty in bending the knee or fully opening it.

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A specialist in Orthopedics and Traumatology should be consulted as soon as the symptoms appear. Treatment of meniscal rupture that occurs at a young age is the most difficult. Since the joints are not damaged and do not cause serious disability, treatment is started. In some cases, the menisci are completely removed. However, this surgical operation is performed after a serious injury. In other treatment methods, blood and synovial are taken from the cartilage and injected into the meniscus. The meniscus is tried to be strengthened by operations. The doctor determines the treatment of meniscus tear according to the tear condition. With a healthy diet, sufficient amount of collagen is taken into the body. For this, certain foods must be consumed. At the beginning of the foods containing collagen; hibiscus, nettle, grape seeds, fish and white meat.

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