The frequency of viral upper respiratory tract infections increased with the cooling of the weather. In this season, where temperature changes are more common, people spend more time indoors. Viral diseases can spread rapidly from person to person in environments such as public transportation vehicles, schools, shopping centers and offices. ENT Specialist Assoc. Dr. Yavuz Selim Yıldırım gave information about the ways of transmission of the common cold, its symptoms, the differences between it and the flu, and in which situations the common cold lasts longer.
Common cold; cough, sore throat, How is the common cold transmitted?
Children usually pick up the common cold from school and bring it to their homes and families and infect it. Afterwards, the mother or father takes this disease to the workplace and infects their colleagues, siblings take them to other schools and infect their classmates. Upper respiratory tract infections acquired in places such as public transportation vehicles and shopping malls are transmitted to family members and spread rapidly. Children are most affected by upper respiratory tract infections. The elders follow.
The first intervention in upper respiratory tract infection is to relieve nasal congestion. When the nasal obstruction is not opened, the frequency of sore throat, dry mouth and throat infections due to mouth breathing increases. Ear infections are more common, especially in children.
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Differences between common cold and flu
- stuffy nose sore throat, tearing, high fever common If muscle and joint pain occurs, it is called flu.
- If nasal congestion causes sore throat, post-nasal drip, mild cough, it is a common cold.
What to do to protect yourself from the common cold?
To protect adults and children, complying with general hygiene rules, staying away from sick people, closing the mouth and nose during coughing and sneezing are general precautions and everyone should follow this.
Things to consider during the treatment of colds
- It is recommended to take plenty of fluids as it will facilitate the excretion of viruses.
- Teas such as sage, linden and natural sweeteners such as honey help to accelerate healing.
- To turn to natural foods containing antioxidants; Consuming foods such as trotter soup, chicken broth and citrus fruits, which are vitamin stores, are other factors that accelerate recovery.
Causes of the common cold for a long time
- Children and adults, especially those with severe nasal congestion, are more ill with a mild infection.
- Nasal allergy, adenoids in children, curvatures in the nasal concha and nasal cavity in adults cause upper respiratory tract infections to resolve later and last longer.
- In these people, upper respiratory tract infections immediately either go down to the lungs or hit the ears or turn into sinusitis.
What should be done to prevent colds in winter?
– In order not to infect others with the disease, sick people should wash their hands regularly and follow general hygiene rules.
– Mouth and nose should be covered during coughing and sneezing.
– Citrus fruits, known as winter-specific vitamin stores, and foods that strengthen natural immunity should be consumed.
– If a cold is caught, the nose should be kept open and breathing should be facilitated as a first aid.
– If you are constantly sick, you should be examined by an otolaryngologist.
– Dressing appropriately for the winter season and feeding in a way that strengthens immunity will also help prevent colds.