It is very difficult to cope with migraine, a neurological disease that we describe as intolerable headaches. Migraines, which start from time to time, can be unbearable for patients. At this point, in order to cope with migraine, it is necessary to pay attention to the seasonal transitions. Neurology Specialist from Batıgöz Health Group, Dr. Nurettin Varolgüneş gave information about migraine. If you have migraine, you can check the rest of the news for all the details you need to know about migraine! Here’s what you need to know about migraine…
Headache is a general definition and the International Headache Society has classified headaches into 14 main groups and hundreds of subgroups. Primary headaches are those that are not associated with another disease and are directly manifested by headache, and migraine is included in this group.
If the pain is continuous and increasing in intensity, if the age of the person experiencing the pain for the first time is under 10 or over 50, if the severity and form of the previous pain has changed, if it does not respond to treatment, if the headache is the most severe pain he has ever experienced in his life and the pain If it occurs during a physical activity (lifting a heavy load, sexual intercourse) and increases its severity, it is absolutely necessary to go to the doctor.
About 60 percent of migraine headaches occur on one side of the head and are often accompanied by throbbing. It is accompanied by nausea and occasional vomiting. This pain progresses in attacks and can last between 4-72 hours. Blurred vision, discomfort from light and sound are seen. Physical activity and head movements trigger these attacks.
Migraine headache is considered to be a hereditary disease, but the responsible genes have not yet been determined. Environmental factors such as stress, air pollution, depression, insomnia, nutritional disorders, frequent and close use of screens that emit excessively bright and flickering light can also trigger migraine.
Perfume Smell Triggers Migraine!
Altitude changes, air pollution, cigarette smoke, extremely bright light or flickering light, loud and continuous noise, perfume smell, other strong odors and chemicals, changes in weather (pressure, temperature and humidity change, southwestern), seasonal changes (autumn and winter). spring is the months when attacks are more frequent), prolonged hunger, sleeping more or less, sleep disorders, airplane travel, birth control pills, menstrual period, some foods and beverages (fermented drinks such as chocolate, nuts, wine); triggers migraine. It is possible to extend the food list further, but the food that increases migraine pain may be different for each patient.
” The important thing is that the person finds and discovers the food that triggers the pain.” said Varolgüneş, ” Before concluding that important foods in our diet trigger migraine, these foods should be tried by the person to be sure.” said.
It is more prominent in women!
Due to their nature, women are affected by environmental factors more quickly and more, which increases the risk. Migraine attacks become rare in menopausal women. Although migraine attacks decrease mostly between the 3rd and 9th months of pregnancy, there may be an increase in migraine attacks in some pregnant women from time to time.
How is Migraine Treated?
The goal of treatment is to reduce pain triggering factors, to suppress the sensitivity of the nervous system and the events in and around the vein that occur during pain. Basic treatment is divided into two as preventive and acute attack treatment. If the patient’s pain is seen once or twice a month, only acute attack treatment is recommended. Simple painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs with ergotamine and triptans are used in the treatment of acute pain attacks. If painkillers and ergotamine drugs are used frequently, they cause constant pain and sometimes lead to more serious side effects.
Anti-emetic group anti-nausea drugs are given for nausea and vomiting during the attack. Painkillers should be taken at the beginning of the attack. In order to accelerate absorption, anti-nausea medicine should be taken before the painkiller. ” If the number of attacks exceeds three or four in a month, then it is necessary to use drugs to prevent migraine attacks, not only during the attack.” said Varolgüneş, ” If the person has less than 2-3 migraine attacks per month, preventive treatment may not be required. Considering the social life and job of the person, preventive treatment can be given at the request of the patient, regardless of the number of attacks. In preventive treatment, drugs are taken every day. For this purpose, heart drugs, depression drugs, epilepsy drugs are used. It is inconvenient to take painkillers every day” said.
Botox, acupuncture in migraine, tissue massage in chronic pain, Riboflavin, magnesium and some herbal medicines are used as alternative treatments and are useful in some patients.