What triggers asthma in winter?

Many conditions such as cold weather, flu upper respiratory tract infections, air pollution, house dust (mite), mold allergy are among the triggers of asthma. Chest Diseases and Adult Allergy Specialist Prof. Dr. Serhat Çelikel told Pudra.com readers what asthma patients should pay attention to against acute asthma attacks.

soguk hava astim kriz bronsit

Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by hypersensitivity of the airways with a non-microbial inflammation and progressing in exacerbations. It is the common problem of millions of people and about 5 million people in our country. It is actually possible to be protected from asthma attacks, which can be life-threatening in patients who do not use regular medication and whose treatment is inadequate, which reduces the quality of life considerably if not treated. Chest Diseases and Adult Allergy Specialist Prof. Dr. Serhat Çelikel talked about 4 important factors that threaten asthma patients during the winter months, and made important suggestions and warnings!

Conditions that trigger asthma:

1. Cold and dry air: ​The cold weather in winter can cause coughing and asthma attacks in some heat-sensitive asthma patients. Cold weather causes sudden narrowing of the airways in asthmatic patients. As a result of the narrowing of the bronchi, problems such as severe coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath develop; In particular, there is an increase in applications to emergency services.

soguk havada spor astim krizi fisfis astim spreyi

Sports, especially outdoors in dry and cold weather, and sometimes even walking lightly in cold weather in the morning and evening, can trigger asthma symptoms due to the cooling and drying of the bronchial walls, can lead to a picture called exercise asthma . Chest Diseases and Adult Allergy Specialist Prof. Dr. Serhat Çelikel, in order to prevent this problem, should exercise in closed and warm environments in winter; He also states that instead of starting the exercise directly, warm-up movements should not be neglected before the exercise.

Warm the air you breathe by covering your face with a scarf!

Dr. According to the information provided by Serhat Çelikel, asthma patients should definitely cover their faces with a scarf to warm and humidify the air they breathe, especially in dry cold weather, while walking in the morning and evening.

2. Influenza infections: Influenza upper respiratory tract infections are one of the most known and most common triggers of asthma attacks. Chest Diseases and Adult Allergy Specialist Prof. Dr. Serhat Çelikel warns that influenza infections lead to severe asthma attacks, which can reach life-threatening levels, especially in asthma patients who do not use medication regularly. “For this reason, people with chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma should get a flu vaccine every year in the fall,” said Prof. Dr. Serhat Çelikel lists his other suggestions as follows: “It is very important for asthma patients to stay away from places where crowded human communities such as public transportation and closed shopping centers as much as possible during epidemic periods. Wearing masks and washing hands frequently during the epidemic periods are also effective in protecting them from viral infections and therefore asthma attacks”

3. Air pollution: With the burning of stoves and heaters in winter, indoor and outdoor air pollution increases. The increase in the number of toxic gases and particles in the air negatively affects asthma patients, leading to an increase in their complaints and asthma attacks. Prof. Dr. Serhat Çelikel stated that, as a precaution , in regions with air pollution in the winter months , doctors usually increase the dose of drugs for patients, and said, “Because air pollution is more prominent in the early morning and evening, you should not go out during these hours if possible, work and school. If you have to go out because of a scarf or mask, exposure should be reduced.

4. Allergy to house dust and mold fungus: With the increase in precipitation in autumn and winter, the humidity rate increases in the indoor and outdoor environment. Mold fungi form especially on fallen and rotting leaves and these are released into the atmosphere. When the ideal environment for mites, which needs a certain temperature and humidity range to reproduce in homes, is created, the number of these house dust allergens increases rapidly. As a result

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *