What is keratoconus? What causes keratoconus? What are the symptoms of keratoconus?

Keratoconus is one of the rare eye conditions that causes vision loss. We have searched for you, who are curious about this disease, which is seen because the light coming into the eye disturbs the vision. Keratoconus, which can even cause permanent blindness, can be treated in various ways by early intervention. So what is Keratoconus? What causes keratoconus? What are the symptoms of keratoconus?

The conical protrusion of the cornea is called keratoconus. The thin layer in the front of the eye should be in the shape of a dome in a normal person. The light reflected from this layer is refracted for vision. Since it is in the shape of a dome, the refracted light, not directly, ensures correct vision. However, this layer, which stands out for various reasons, prevents the lights from being refracted correctly. It causes vision problem. This deformity, which causes blurred and distorted vision, usually begins in adolescence. It is not known why keratoconus, which is more likely to occur between the ages of 10 and 20, is caused by the disease in researches. However, it has been determined that it is passed from mother or father to child.


It turns out that keratoconus, which is rarely seen, is experienced as a result of minor traumatic situations. Continuous rubbing of the eye was seen as one of the biggest factors in experiencing keratoconus. In addition, the risk of damage to the cornea of ​​a person with vision problems as a result of using poor quality lenses, as well as frequent eye allergies and flu infections, is high.

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The part with the pupil takes a shape to protrude. There is a constant stinging sensation in the eyelid. After a certain period of time, the person with keratoconus begins to see blurred and far-sightedness. In addition, the eye structure deteriorates. Problems such as watering and itching are seen one after the other. The sensitivity to light increases.

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Sometimes it takes years to diagnose. However, when the swelling becomes evident, the patient should go to the hospital as soon as he notices it. Some methods are used to stop the surface when detected during inspection. In addition, there are some surgical interventions. One of them is the cross-linking method. In addition, corneal transplantation can also be performed. However, the lightest methods are the use of soft lenses, while the sharpening is stopped with drugs and the appearance of the lenses is corrected.

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