Before surgery, experts usually say that general anesthesia will be done. So what is general anesthesia? In which cases is general anesthesia not applied? We searched for the answers to these questions for you. You can find everything about general anesthesia in the details of the news.
During any painful surgical operation, the patient’s deep sleep is called general anesthesia. General anesthesia removes the function of the brain and the body’s pain partner for a certain period of time. In the meantime, since the body cannot breathe, a pipe is inserted through the mouth and oxygen is given to the body. The patient does not remember this process after he regains consciousness. After the procedure is completed, the drugs given to the patient to sleep are reduced. After the oxygen tube is removed, the patient is taken to the room to be awakened. However, this process is not as easy as it is written. Some patients experience complications during anesthesia, which may pave the way for situations that may even result in death. There are many anesthesia methods and specialists other than general anesthesia. Partial anesthesia or regional anesthesia are the most common ones used after general anesthesia. These are usually done in cases such as childbirth, dental operation or ingrown hair.
ACTIONS BEFORE AND AFTER GENERAL ANESTHESIA
–It is connected to the EKG machine via adhesive cables to control the heartbeat.
–In order to administer drugs into the vein, serum is inserted with a special needle.
–A latch tool is placed on the thumb to control the blood and oxygen level.
–A sphygmomanometer is attached above the elbow.
– It is connected to the anesthesia device to monitor the procedures. Here, it is recorded in the anesthesia follow-up form.
–The patient is quickly put to sleep by administering drugs intravenously.
–Follow-up is continued on the monitor in order not to damage the heart and vessels with the drugs mentioned in the body.
– After making sure that the patient is completely asleep, a trachea is placed through the mouth. The most important task of the anesthesiologist begins here. It manually controls the oxygen exchange of the patient with the tube attached to the trachea.
– Sleep and anesthesia are not the same. During sleep, consciousness is open and can react to its environment. However, in anesthesia, the person is completely at the discretion of the anesthesiologist.
IN WHICH SITUATIONS GENERAL ANESTHESIA IS NOT APPLIED?
In lung and heart patients, anesthesia can cause a dangerous problem. Because the nerve cells that do not function in this process prevent the functions of the organs. In addition, general anesthesia is not applied to patients with respiratory tract problems. General anesthesia may bring some risks in advanced heart and lung diseases. At the same time, there is no need for general anesthesia for arm-leg, abdominal and regional diseases.