Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the skin. The most prominent among the symptoms of varicose veins is the formation of dark purple and blue colored veins. Today, it is a common ailment that occurs especially in women. What are the symptoms of varicose veins? What causes varicose veins, what are the treatment methods? We have compiled the information containing the answers to the questions in detail.
Varicose veins are divided into 3
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood from your body’s tissues to your heart. It pumps blood to the lungs so that the heart can get oxygen. Varicose veins is a condition that appears in many people. They usually cause few symptoms. Varicose veins types are classified in 3 groups. These;
great heirs: Varicose veins that protrude directly on the skin, varying between 4-15 mm.
Medium-sized heirs:They are green varicose veins that protrude slightly on the skin, varying between 2-4 mm.
Capillary varices:They are varicose veins smaller than 1-2 mm that do not protrude on the red and purple colored skin.
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
– Pain or a painful sensation in the legs.
– Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling occur in the lower legs.
– Pain that does not go away after sitting or standing for a long time.
– Itching of one or more of the veins.
– Bleeding in the veins.
– A painful cord in the vein with a red discoloration of the skin.
– Color changes, inflammation of the skin near the ankle or skin ulcers are symptoms of varicose veins.
What causes varicose veins?
Varicose veins occur in 40% of women and 25% of men. Varicose veins are caused by the valves in the veins not working well. Varicose veins may occur due to pregnancy, obesity, standing for a long time, certain occupations, being a woman, birth control pills, hormone treatments, wearing tight clothes, old age and genetic factors. Although varicose veins are often thought of as an insignificant ailment, if the disease progresses and is not treated, it can cause more dangerous and negative consequences.
What are the varicose veins treatment methods?
In the treatment of varicose; laser, radio frequency, glue and sclerotherapy methods are used. Surgical intervention is the last method used in the treatment of varicose veins. Removal of varicose veins is one of the oldest treatment methods. This treatment method is both troublesome and has a very long recovery time. Another method is to correct varicose veins by giving foam into the vein, that is, to perform vascular sclerotherapy. In this method, the probability of recurrence of the varicose is quite high. In the laser treatment method, a catheter is inserted into the vein and a beam is sent from the laser device to burn the vein. With the radio frequency method, radio waves are sent into the vein with the help of a catheter. During this time, a heat is generated and the vein is burned. While performing these procedures, local anesthesia is applied. In alternative medicine, there are also natural methods of treatment such as grape seed, golden herb, apple cider vinegar. However, it is necessary to consult a doctor before using these methods. Not consuming foods and beverages that cause weight gain or edema during the treatment of varicose veins will contribute to the positive result of the treatment.
How to prevent varicose veins?
– Regular exercise should be done. (Running, walking, swimming, cycling, etc.)
– Care should be taken not to work by standing or sitting for a long time.
– Excess weight should be lost. It should be fed healthy.
– Tight clothes should not be preferred.
– After standing for a long time, the legs should be lifted and rested.
– Hot water prevents the formation of varicose veins and reduces complaints.
– People who work in occupations that require standing or sitting and people with genetics that are prone to varicose veins should use compression stockings.
– It is beneficial to get up frequently and walk around on trips made by sitting for a long time.