What causes conjunctivitis? What are the symptoms of conjunctivitis? How is conjunctivitis treated?

Conjunctivitis, which is caused by the effects of allergies and inflammation, negatively affects the quality of life. Conjunctivitis, which causes even instantaneous loss of vision, becomes more common in spring with increased pollen and dust. Conjunctivitis is a contagious disease. So what causes conjunctivitis? What are the symptoms of conjunctivitis? How is conjunctivitis treated?

The disease that occurs when the cornea becomes inflamed for various reasons and this inflammation causes damage to the eye is called conjunctivitis. There is no permanent cure for conjunctivitis, which is a chronic condition. Conjunctivitis, which is at risk of being experienced with each season, also has environmental stimuli. Situations such as dust, viruses transmitted from the eyes, touching the eyes with a dirty hand, and not well ventilated in the living environment can prepare the ground for conjunctivitis. Contagious disease, which is a contagious disease, increases the probability of experiencing it with the spring. The reason is increased pollen and changing weather conditions. It can come in three forms: bacterial, viral and allergic.

  • Bacterial conjunctivitis is often called eye flu. It is conjunctivitis seen in people who wear contact lenses.
  • The most contagious and most common type is viral conjunctivitis. It takes an average of 6 weeks.
  • Conjunctivitis, which is accompanied by allergy problems, is called allergic conjunctivitis. It begins with the onset of allergies. It ends with it.
  • It is seen with symptoms such as burning, redness, itching and blurred vision in the eyes.

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Bacterial conjunctivitis is manifested by a burning sensation, light-sensitive, watery or inflamed discharge when closing the eyelid.

In conjunctivitis that occurs virally, it begins to occur in one eye. A warm watery discharge comes from one eye. This situation, which lasts for a few days, leaves a feeling of burning and a feeling as if an object is sinking from the eyelid when it passes to the second eye. Also, a flushing appears as if irritated. The eye reddens as if it had been struck. Edema-like swelling occurs in the eyelid and tear tube. In bright environments, the possibility of seeing is reduced.

In case of allergy-related conjunctivitis, runny nose, sneezing, headache, mild fever, pain and discharge, which usually intensifies in the evening, increases the feeling of itching.

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Mild conjunctivitis can be treated at home. Putting green or black tea bags on the eyes. Put a cotton pad in boiled and warmed water with vinegar and lemon and clean the eye area. Then a small towel can be dipped in this water and placed over the eyes. Hands should be washed constantly, the environment should be ventilated, going out with sunglasses relieves conjunctivitis. Also, the eye should never be itchy. If this does not happen in the same order, a specialist should be consulted. It is the healthiest thing for the patient to take drops or medication under the control of a doctor. Otherwise, conditions that cause permanent damage to the eye may occur.

The patient with conjunctivitis should stay away from environments that cause allergies.

Since bacterial conjunctivitis is an inflammation, it is treated with ointment.

When contact lens wearers are caught with conjunctivitis, if there are existing lenses in their eyes, they should be thrown away and a new one should not be inserted until the conjunctivitis clears.

The effect of the existing virus or allergic condition should be reduced by applying cold or warm compresses with drugs.

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