What are the types of diabetes? What are the general symptoms of diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus, one of the diseases that progresses insidiously, is one of the most common diseases today. This disease occurs for many reasons. So what are the types of diabetes? What are the symptoms of general diabetes? Can diabetes be prevented? What foods should diabetics consume? Is there a natural mixture that prevents diabetes? You can find the answers to all these questions about diabetes in the details of the news.

Diabetes is the disease process experienced as a result of the pancreas’s inability to produce enough insulin hormone in the blood or the insufficient use of the produced hormone. The pancreatic organ, located at the back of the stomach, separates the substances taken through food, and the hormone insulin is secreted into the blood. When this process is done excessively, it causes fatty liver. In statistical data studies conducted in 2012, diabetes, namely diabetes, was observed as the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths. Diabetes occurs when insulin levels in the blood rise or fall. At the same time, sugar, which is not normally seen in the urine, is seen even here because it rises above normal. There are two types of diabetes. One of them is Type 1 and the other is Type 2.

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There are two types of diabetes mellitus, both environmental and genetic, as Type 1 and Type 2. In addition to genetic factors in Type 1, viruses that damage the pancreatic organ that produces insulin hormone, which is involved in the regulation of blood sugar, and weakening of the body defense system are also factors that cause the disease. Type 2, which is common, is caused by excessive weight, advancing age, stress, inactivity, and hormonal factors that change suddenly during pregnancy. It occurs when the sugar cells in the blood become passive in balancing the insulin hormone. As insulin rises in the blood, it causes some complications. Conditions such as kidney failure, vision loss, heart attack, stroke and leg amputation are among these complications.

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Unexplained weight loss

Sleep disturbance due to frequent urination,

Feeling tired despite the constant desire to eat,

Dry mouth due to sudden decrease and increase in body temperature,

Sudden vision loss

Tingling in the tips of the fingers and toes,

Feeling pain during body movements,

– numbness in the mouth, restriction in motor movements,

Although there is no heart rhythm disorder, panic attack and heart palpitations, symptoms such as rapid heartbeat may be a sign of diabetes.

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Blood and urine tests performed while fasting are used to measure glucose levels. Here, if the sugar is above the possible level, the specialist applies medication and diet therapy. Since carbohydrate foods negatively affect the sugar rate, experts recommend reducing these foods first. At the same time, it can prepare the ground for some health problems in the body during the process of diabetes and its treatment. Therefore, the specialist emphasizes that the patient should come to regular check-ups.


Diabetes causes different complications. For example, cardiovascular diseases are among these diseases. In order to prevent these, especially omega-3 fatty acids are good. That’s why experts recommend the consumption of fish to diabetics.

Clogged arteries cause bad cholesterol levels to rise. The food that is effective in reducing bad cholesterol levels is olive oil.

It is recommended to consume grape seeds and green tea regularly, which are effective in increasing insulin resistance.

In order to secrete insulin, the blood must be diluted. Effective in this is tomato juice. But tomato juice needs to be freshly squeezed.

At the same time, it should be preferred for diabetics to consume foods such as yogurt, milk and cheese without fat.

It also controls the level of sugar in the blood by accelerating the metabolism in the body in fibrous foods.


During Ramadan, diabetics should fast in consultation with specialist doctors. Diabetic patients with a degree should pay attention to this issue. Otherwise, serious diseases may occur due to prolonged hunger and thirst. In addition, the severity of diabetes may increase. Diabetes patients who will fast should also consume the foods recommended by experts. What should diabetics do and how should they be fed during Ramadan? The answer to this question for you jasmine.comfrom the editors Busenur Calik , Medipol Mega University Hospital Endocrinology specialist Assoc. Dr. He asked Mehmet Fatih Kılıçlı.

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