What are the first aid rules to know in an emergency, here are the 7 most important rules!

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The majority of permanent injuries and deaths as a result of traffic, work and home accidents, and natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods occur in the first minutes of panic and after wrong interventions. However, having basic first aid information prevents possible permanent injuries and deaths. With its deep-rooted history of more than 150 years, Generali Sigorta shared the first aid rules that everyone should know.

The 7 life-saving first aid rules shared by Generali Sigorta are as follows:

Priority environment security

Persons who intervene in a situation that requires urgent help are at risk of being victims due to the lack of environmental safety. For example, failure to ensure safety in an environment where a traffic accident occurs may pose a threat to the safety of both those involved in the accident and other vehicles. In order to prevent this risk, the safety of the environment where the intervention is made must be ensured.

In case of fainting

Short-term loss of consciousness may be caused by a drop in blood pressure, suffocation, extreme emotional swings, or hunger. In such a case, first of all, the pulse and respiration should be checked, if it is regular, the fainted person should be laid on his back, his feet should be raised and he should lie still. Afterwards, if the unconscious person is standing in a crowded and closed place, they should be taken to a quiet and open area.

In cases of fracture and dislocation

The most important point in cases of fracture and dislocation is not to move that area. After this important detail, support should be attached to the injured area without moving the person. If there is an open fracture where the bone end is out, the wound should be covered with a sterile cloth and transferred to the health institution with the least possible movement.

In case of suspected poisoning

In case of poisoning, the person should not vomit, no liquid should be given by mouth, and the mouth and mouth area should be washed and cleaned. With this intervention, the poisoned person should be transported to the nearest health institution.

in case of cut

The first thing to do in cuts is to wash the wound with clean water, then press it on the bleeding area with a clean cloth and stop the bleeding. At the same time, an ambulance should be called without delay and the person should be taken to the nearest health institution.

in case of burn

If there are no bubbles in the burned area and the skin is slightly red, it should be kept under cold water for 10 minutes. The burn should be covered with a clean cloth and the burned person should be calmed down. If the burned person’s clothes need to be removed, the clothes should be cut off around the burn, and the patient should be immediately sent to a health institution by calling an ambulance.

In case of drowning

Drowning is a dangerous situation, mainly caused by exposure to smoke or water. The pulse, heartbeat and respiration of the person experiencing these conditions should be checked first and an ambulance should be called. If the situation is severe, respiratory and heart massage should be applied by trained people.

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