Kidney disease is one of the health problems that have been increasing in recent years. Precautions to be taken regarding diabetes and obesity, which is one of the most important causes of kidney disease, from Memorial Şişli Hospital, Department of Nephrology, Assoc. Dr. Abdullah Özkök gave information about the things to be considered in order to protect kidney health before the “14 March World Kidney Day”.
Keep weight and blood sugar balanced
The most common cause of chronic kidney disease is diabetes, popularly known as diabetes mellitus. High blood sugar levels are known to lead to kidney disease and accelerate existing kidney diseases. That’s why blood sugar control is very important for kidney health. Obesity is the most increasing and most important health problem in recent years. It is known that obesity alone negatively affects the kidneys. However, since obesity can also cause diabetes, it poses a double risk for the kidneys. Along with weight control, dieting away from carbohydrate and ready-to-eat foods is very important for kidney health.
Watch out for hypertension!
Salt consumption in Turkey is well above the recommended maximum level of 5 grams per day. Especially high salt consumption paves the way for hypertension. Hypertension causes not only cardiovascular diseases but also chronic kidney diseases. Reducing salt consumption to normal levels significantly reduces blood pressure, heart and kidney diseases. Studies show that reducing salt consumption by 15% in the world can save the lives of 8.5 million people in 10 years.
Get into routine checkups!
In addition to preventable factors such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity in chronic kidney diseases, diseases such as nephritis and polycystic kidney disease, which are not caused by the person’s lifestyle, have an important place. The early diagnosis of such diseases significantly increases the chance of treatment without undergoing the dialysis process. Kidney diseases usually do not show any symptoms until they reach the final stage. When symptoms appear, the disease has often entered the irreversible stage. Therefore, it is necessary to perform routine health checks with simple blood and urine tests. It is especially important for people with a family history of kidney disease to be checked at regular intervals for early diagnosis and treatment of possible disorders.
Benign enlargement of the prostate, prostate cancer or bladder problems adversely affect the kidneys. In such diseases, the inability to empty the urine completely paves the way for back leakage to the kidney and deterioration of kidney functions. Patients who have had prostate problems for a long time should also have their kidney functions checked. Urinary catheter insertion, medication or, when necessary, surgical interventions are among the methods used in the treatment. Kidney stones are one of the most common kidney diseases. Although many kidney stones cause severe pain, there are also kidney stones that can develop without any symptoms. Occlusion of kidney stones can negatively affect kidney functions. Even if there is no active kidney stone complaint, this patient group should be followed periodically by the Nephrology and Urology departments, and their kidney functions should be monitored.
Do not turn to medicine for every disease
For healthy kidneys, it is necessary to avoid unnecessary drug consumption, especially painkillers. Painkillers used unconsciously can damage the kidneys in the long term with a cumulative effect. In addition, we often see cases where kidney functions are completely lost after a single painkiller use. In our country, it is a positive process to limit the intake of antibiotics and leave them to the doctor’s control. In addition to medicines, products sold in the market under natural products or herbal treatments should be approached with caution.
Take care of quality of life
The importance of water consumption for kidney functions is now known by everyone. While regulating the lifestyle, exercise should be emphasized as well as water consumption. It should not be forgotten that daily exercise and water consumption have an important place in weight control. Since carbonated drinks contain high levels of phosphorus and sugar, they are among the foods that should be avoided not only for kidney but also for general health. . Although consuming high potassium-containing foods such as potatoes, bananas, whole grains, milk and tomatoes is recommended for people with healthy kidneys, kidney patients should consume these foods carefully.