Uz. Dr. Haluk Mumcuoğlu gave information about the diseases caused by seasonal changes and the ways of protection. How to strengthen the immune system? What to do to keep the immune system strong? Here are the steps and suggestions you can do to keep the immune system strong during the seasonal transitions!
In these days when the weather starts to get cold and the winter months are approaching, people, like nature, need to prepare and adapt to these difficult conditions. The body has difficulty in adapting to this situation and sometimes cannot keep up with the change due to the sudden changes in air temperature and humidity between night and day, as well as the change in diet and content. In cases where this harmony is not achieved, the immune system weakens and various diseases occur. Infectious diseases are among the most common diseases.
Use the Right Medicines in the Treatment of Flu and Pneumonia!
Infectious diseases are among the most common diseases in winter. These; as well as lower respiratory tract infections involving the lungs, bronchi and trachea; There may be upper respiratory tract infections such as sinusitis, otitis, pharyngitis, and laryngitis with a relatively mild course. Antibiotic treatment is of no use in viral infections, which constitute the majority of the factors that cause these disorders. In addition, there are many short and long-term damages in terms of individual and public health.In bacterial infections, it is very important to administer the right antibiotic, at the right time, in the right way (oral, intravenous or intramuscular injection).
It is very important to apply to the health institution as soon as the complaints of the disease begin, in order to detect the causative agent of the infection and to give the appropriate treatment.Unnecessary and unconscious drug use can cause more serious disorders.
Take Precautions Against Flu and Pneumonia Diseases with Vaccine!
Since the flu virus is a virus that changes itself every year due to its structure, the content of the vaccines used against the flu also changes every year. Therefore, the flu vaccine should be repeated between September and November every year, but it should not be forgotten that it can be done until the end of March. The protection of this vaccine is between 60-85%, and the protection of the vaccine decreases with age. Although the vaccine is not 100% effective in preventing the disease, it both provides a milder recovery of the disease and reduces the rates of complications and deaths due to the flu. Mild flu-like symptoms that develop 6-12 hours after vaccination and resolve spontaneously within 1-2 days can be observed. However;
-Children under 6 months old,
– Pregnant women in the first 3 months of pregnancy,
Influenza vaccine should not be given to those who are known to be allergic to the vaccine or its ingredients, to those who are not suitable to have a live virus vaccine, and to people who are not deemed appropriate to be vaccinated by their physicians because they have some special medical conditions.
Don’t Underestimate Lung Infection. Pneumonia Vaccine is a must once in 5 years!
Pneumonia; It is a lung tissue infection that manifests itself with symptoms of fever, cough, sputum and shortness of breath. Atypical bacteria, viruses, and fungi can cause pneumonia. The pneumococcal vaccine is the vaccine against the pneumococcal bacteria that most commonly causes pneumonia.
- those over 65 years old,
- Those with chronic lung, heart and kidney disease,
- Those who have a disease that weakens the immune system or those who use drugs for this purpose (such as psoriasis, some rheumatic diseases),
- Patients with cirrhosis, those who do not have a congenital spleen or those whose spleen cannot function,
- Some cancer patients
- organ transplant patients,
- HIV positive patients
- Patients with certain bone marrow diseases should definitely get the pneumococcal vaccine. The protection of this vaccine is 60-65%, and patients who need to be re-vaccinated should be vaccinated every 5 years.
Attention to Sudden Temperature Changes to Strengthen the Immune System!
In these days when sudden temperature changes are experienced, care should be taken to dress appropriately for the weather conditions. Adequate and balanced nutrition is extremely important in preventing infections. It is necessary to have a balanced and adequate nutrition from each group of foods. Adequate fluid consumption is as important as a healthy and balanced diet. Even if there is no feeling of thirst, 1.5 – 2 liters of liquid should be consumed. Again, with regular exercises, body resistance is maintained.
An average of 6-8 hours of quality sleep a day keeps the immune system strong and reduces the risk of getting diseases. Hand hygiene should be paid attention to prevent diseases, hands should be washed frequently to prevent contamination. Avoiding intense stress, which weakens the immune system, is also an important factor in protection from diseases.