Reasons for aggressive behavior

In psychology, aggression is not an emotion, but a type of behavior caused by various emotions. Emotions such as anger, fear, feelings of frustration or hostility, etc., when reinforced with high testosterone. Verbal, physical or symbolic behaviors aiming to harm, stop or protect oneself for reasons are included in the scope of aggression. Clinical Psychologist Fundem Ece Kaykaç gave important information about the causes of aggression and types of aggression for readers.

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All disturbing behavior with the aim of harming a living thing or an object is defined as aggression. According to the statements of Clinical Psychologist Fundem Ece Kaykaç , aggressive behavior is divided into two as “aggression as a tool” and “hostile aggression”. While aggression as a tool involves more protection, hostile aggression aims to harm.

klinik psikolog fundem ece kaykac Is aggression innate or learned?

According to the statements of Clinical Psychologist Fundem Ece Kaykaç, aggression is evaluated in two different ways in psychology.

According to Sigmund Freud , the founder of psychoanalysis, and Kondrad Lorenz, Austrian Ethology Specialist, aggression does not need to be fed from external stimuli.

According to social psychology, aggression is learned through observation and imitation due to the relationship between the environment and the individual.


konrad lorenz sigmund freud according to Freud and Lorenz and defines it as the expression of the two basic instincts , life instinct and death instincts , which come from genetic origin in animal nature.

According to Freud, aggression is beneficial at some point, since in the absence of aggression the accumulation of aggressive energy will lead to mental distress.

Contrary to Freud, who argues that the aggressive instinct serves death, again one of the defenders of the instinctual theory Kondrad Lorenz argues that aggression serves life . According to Freud and Lorenz, aggression does not need to be fed from external stimuli.

Aggression according to social psychology

Considering the formation of aggressive behavior and its underlying causes, which social psychology is concerned with, it is the view that the reasons pushing the individual to aggression depend on external causes rather than internal ones.

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“Aggression is learned through imitation”

Aggression is learned through observation and imitation because of the relationship between the environment and the individual. Reinforcing aggressive reactions causes the person to repeat these reactions and turn the aggression into a strong behavior. Rewarding can come from outside, but it can also occur as relief from inner tension or anxiety, and satisfaction.

Social learning theory

albert bandura Social learning theory and , famous Canadian psychologist Albert, known for his work on self-utility theory Since the theorists of social learning, formed by the influence of Bandura and behaviorism, argue that aggression is a learned behavior, their approach to the elimination of aggression is more optimistic.

They argue that aggression can be replaced by another positive behavior through relearning.

Another cause of aggression can be frustration. There may be obstacles in the way of the person to reach his goal. In this case, aggressive behavior may be exhibited. The unexpected feeling of frustration leads to an increase in aggression. However, the presence of aggression in the absence of inhibition shows that the inhibition is not the only reason, but rather aggravating.

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