Excess weight causes many important health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and hypertension. Being at the ideal weight of the person significantly reduces the health risks.
Respiratory system diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, sleep apnea and some types of cancer as well as psychological problems Reminding that it also brings with it a decrease in the quality of life and life expectancy, the Sabri Ülker Foundation underlines that the risk of these problems can be eliminated by providing weight loss and increasing physical activity.
Here are the health problems you can minimize risks if you are at your ideal weight…
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes, which usually occurs in adulthood and is associated with overweight, Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. The higher the weight, the higher the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Women who are obese have a 12 times greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes compared to women of normal weight. Risk; It increases with the increase in Body Mass Index, especially in those with a family history of diabetes, and decreases with weight loss.
Cardiovascular diseases (CDC) include coronary heart diseases (CHD), stroke and peripheral vascular diseases. These diseases, which are responsible for the majority (about one third) of male and female deaths in most industrialized countries, are gaining momentum in developing countries as well. Obesity; increases the risk of many cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension and high cholesterol. Obesity in women poses a great risk of developing cardiovascular diseases after age and blood pressure.
Studies reveal that an obese woman is three times more likely to have a heart attack than a thin woman of the same age. Obese people tend to have high triglycerides (blood fat) and LDL cholesterol known as bad cholesterol, and lower HDL cholesterol known as good cholesterol. Such a metabolic profile is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in people with a high concentration of fat around the navel. Significant improvement in the level of triglycerides is achieved with weight loss. A 10kg weight reduction can result in a 5 percent reduction in LDL cholesterol levels and an 8 percent increase in HDL cholesterol.
In addition to the proven relationship between hypertension (high blood pressure) and obesity, the rate of hypertension caused by obesity in the Western population is estimated to be 30-65%. Blood pressure rises with the increase of Body Mass Index. For every 10 kg increase in weight, blood pressure rises by 2-3 mmHg. Conversely, weight loss lowers blood pressure, and usually a 1 percent reduction in body weight lowers blood pressure by 1-2 mmHg. The prevalence of hypertension in overweight people is about three times higher than in people who are not overweight. Overweight individuals aged 20-44 years have an approximately six times higher risk of hypertension compared to individuals who are not overweight.
While the link between obesity and cancer is less common, some studies have linked overweight to certain cancers, particularly hormone-related cancers and cancers of the digestive tract. detects it. There has been some evidence that obese women have an increased risk of breast, ovarian, and cervical cancer and endromatrial cancer, while men have an increased risk of prostate cancer and rectal cancer. The most obvious association is observed in colon cancer, where obesity increases the risk almost threefold in both men and women.
Degenerative diseases in weight-bearing joints such as the knee are among the common complications of obesity. The reason for this is generally thought to be mechanical damage from excessive weight on the joints. Low back pain is also common in obese people.
Obesity is seen as both an undesirable body image and a character weakness in many European countries. Even 6-year-olds perceive overweight children as “lazy, stupid, liars and deceitful”. Obese individuals are forced to cope with this discrimination. A study in the US shows that overweight young women earn significantly less than women who are not overweight or have chronic health problems. Compulsive overeating is also more common among obese people. Many people with this eating disorder have a history of both binge eating and drinking and weight fluctuations.