Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in the world. Breast cancer, which is the second leading cause of death, is seen in approximately one out of every 8 women, especially in Western societies (EU countries, USA). “In terms of protection from breast cancer; It is very important to be thin, do sports, not use unnecessary and long-term hormone drugs, try to be in a cleaner environment and keep stress under control as much as possible. Dr. Abut Kebudi talked about breast cancer and innovations in the treatment process.
Although breast cancer is most common between the ages of 40-49, it can also be diagnosed in younger and older generations. Among the causes of breast cancer, genetic and familial factors can be effective at a rate of approximately 5-15%, although the cause is not known exactly, age, environmental factors, radiation, nutrition and hormonal factors play an important role. It is very important to be weak, to exercise, not to use unnecessary and long-term hormone drugs, to try to be in a cleaner environment and to keep stress under control as much as possible in terms of protection from breast cancer. It is also very important to consult a doctor who is an expert in this field for self-examination once a month, breast examination at a frequency appropriate to the risk situation, and to follow the publications on this subject. Although the aim is not to catch this disease, it is possible to get very good results with less treatment with an early diagnosis.
Important points in the fight against breast cancer in today’s contemporary medicine:
- Identifying risk groups
- Eliminating preventable risk factors
- If the disease develops to catch the earliest
- To apply the least possible treatment without impairing the quality of life
- To treat without losing the organ
- To achieve the longest possible survival
- For early diagnosis Complying with the screening program recommended by the World Health Organization
- Performing self-examination from the age of 20
- Regular doctor control, once every 3 years between the ages of 20-39, and once a year from the age of 40. to go
- From the age of 40, to have regular mammography once a year or every 2 years depending on the risk status
“Breast conserving surgery” is on the agenda!
Previously, when breast cancer was diagnosed, the breast and armpit were completely removed. Now, this surgery is preferred in special cases (extensive breast tumor, large tumor that cannot be reduced, patient preference, etc.). Later it was realized that; Removing the entire breast does not benefit the patient’s life, and it also leads to a bad cosmetic result. Thus, “Breast Conserving Surgery”, where the breast is partially removed, has come to the fore. A further step is “Oncoplastic Breast Surgery”. Here, even if the tumor in the breast is large, there are surgeries that are performed with appropriate plastic methods without losing the breast and that can preserve the shape of the breast as best as possible.
It is possible to feel good thanks to silicone implants
In addition, in cases where we need to remove the breast completely, we protect the skin of the breast if possible, empty it and replace it with a suitable silicone implant, thus making it a very good feeling. We are trying to prefer a surgery (Subcutaneous Mastectomy) where we can get cosmetic results. This surgery can be performed to prevent cancer from developing in women at risk. We can give Angelina Jolie as an example.
There are serious developments in armpit surgery
There are also serious developments in armpit surgery. In the past, all axillary lymphatic tissue was removed in every breast cancer surgery, and when radiotherapy was added to it, it could cause swelling in the arm (lymphedema) with poor results in one in five women. In today’s breast surgery, armpit tissue is sampled and surgical intervention is performed if necessary, or regional treatment can be left to radiotherapy only. In patients whose disease has passed a certain stage but has not metastasized yet, preoperative chemotherapy is applied and the disease is regressed and the appropriate one of the above treatments is applied.
Purpose in the treatment of contemporary breast cancer
* Trying to prevent the disease
* Trying to catch the disease as soon as possible if it cannot be prevented
* With the best possible cosmetic result with the least treatment and the most is to treat our patient with a good life expectancy.