One of the symptoms that heart patients frequently complain about is coronary heart patients, who have problems such as pain in the chest and shortness of breath, which are resolved with interventional methods! Thanks to non-surgical solutions that eliminate the risks of surgical factors that arise due to aging, the patient can regain his health. Head of Cardiology Department of Memorial Ankara Hospital, Prof. Dr. Ali Oto gave information about the interventional treatments applied in cardiovascular occlusions before the “29 September World Heart Day”.
Coronary heart diseases, which occur with complaints such as chest pain and shortness of breath in a significant part of heart patients, can be resolved with interventional methods. Non-surgical methods, which are applied to very old patients and those whose surgery is very risky, give extremely successful results.
Beware of Pain With Movement!
The vessels that feed the heart are called coronary vessels, that is, coronary arteries. These vessels, which have the characteristics of arteries and feed the heart, do not disperse in the heart, unlike other organs, but watch over the heart. In these vessels, which extend over the heart and give branches to the heart muscle, narrowing and blockages may occur over time due to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis, also called atherosclerosis, can be commonly seen in the entire arterial system, while its occurrence in the vessels feeding the heart leads to a heart attack in case of complete blockage.
Beware of Moving Chest Pain!
Narrowing or occlusion of the coronary vessels occurs with certain symptoms in people. The most prominent symptom is usually chest pain. This pain starts with movement and walking, goes away with rest, is often in the form of pressure, and reflects on the left side of the neck, jaw, arm and back. However, while vascular occlusion can manifest itself without any symptoms in some patients, especially in diabetics, in some cases, it can also occur with sudden death.However, such disorders can be diagnosed before they even show symptoms, with general controls, exercise tests or computerized tomography, and special methods called myocardial scintigraphy, when there are no symptoms.
There are two methods for clogged veins!
Two different treatment methods are applied for the treatment of patients with clogged heart vessels. The first is coronary bypass surgery, that is, the surgery to bridge the back of the blockages. The second option is the non-surgical opening of the vessels with interventional cardiological methods, which have been developing for 40 years. The interventional cardiology method, which started with balloon opening first, continued with the use of systems called stent, made of metal material to prevent collapse of the vessel opened with balloon.In time, it was seen that the simple stent system was not sufficient, and thanks to technological developments, special drug-eluting stents began to be used in the last 20 years.
Today, technologies related to drug-eluting stents provide very successful results. Thanks to the development of interventional cardiology, stenosis in the main vessel, which was never touched before, stenosis in the bifurcation of the vessel, complete vessel occlusions and many vessels can be intervened at the same time. Thanks to these advances, the number of patients sent for surgery decreased from 60 percent to 5 percent. However, it should not be forgotten that patients in the 5% group who are referred for surgery must also undergo surgery. Apart from these, another important development is the opening of the vein by making an emergency intervention in the clogged veins during a heart attack. In this way, it is ensured that the worst result of heart attack, heart muscle death, and related heart failure and limitation of life span are prevented.
In the treatment method, the operation is performed not only from the groin, but also from the wrist!
Another important development in the field of interventional cardiology is the operation can be performed by entering from different veins. Previously, interventional cardiological procedures could only be performed by entering the inguinal artery. Now even the most complex operations can be performed through the wrist vein. With this method, which provides great comfort for patients, patients can stand up and walk around after the procedure.
For Those Seeking Solutions Without Surgery…
-The opening of the chest, which is an important problem for patients, especially the middle bone called the belief board, is eliminated.
-Patients can continue their work and life the day after the procedure.
– Most of the time, the intensive care period is either absent or very short.
– Patients who are very old and whose surgery is very risky can be intervened with interventional methods.