Cystitis, one of the urinary tract infections, is a common health problem especially in young women. Women who encounter this situation are looking for ways to prevent cystitis. So how can cystitis be prevented? What should be considered in genital cleaning? You can find all the details in our news.
Cystitis, which means inflammation of the bladder wall, is a common type of urinary tract infection. According to studies, 80 percent of women in the world have urinary tract infections. 40-50 percent of women experience the symptoms of urinary tract infection at least once in their life. One out of every 3 women who have a urinary tract infection gets re-infection within the first 6 months. In urinary tract infection, men suffer from this disease 4 times less than women.
THE EFFECT OF ANATOMICAL DIFFERENCES ON CYSTITIS
Considering the anatomical differences between men and women, studies have shown that women are more likely to develop cystitis because the urethra is shorter than men. In this case, the bacteria comes out of the short tube. bacteria easily reach the bladder. Also, the opening of the urethra is closer to the rectum, the last part of the intestine where bacteria that cause urinary tract infections live. Cystitis affects women aged 18-39 years. Sexually active women aged 18-24 are the most at risk group. This condition is more common in younger women than in menopausal women.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CYSTITIS?
- Pain, burning, stinging sensation when urinating,
- The need to urinate more often and urgently than usual
- Dark, cloudy and foul-smelling urine
- Pain in the lower abdomen and groin,
- If there is a high fever, nausea, low back pain or bloody inflamed urine, a doctor should be consulted without delay. The spread of inflammation to the kidneys first leads to the loss of kidney tissue, then the infection to mix with the blood and death. This disease called acute pyelonephritis should not be confused with cystitis, the patient should be hospitalized and treated urgently.
Bacterial cystitis: It is the most common type of cystitis. It occurs when bacteria that live harmlessly on the skin or intestines enter the bladder.
Drug-induced cystitis:Some chemotherapy drugs cause cystitis.
Radiation cystitis: Radiation therapy can shrink tumors and kill cancer cells, but it can also damage healthy cells. It typically occurs with radiation therapy affecting the pelvic area.
Foreign body cystitis:It may occur in those undergoing treatment using a catheter, stent, or other endoscopic instrument.
Chemical cystitis:It can develop as a result of soaps, spermicides, gels and dyes.
FACTORS CAUSED BY SYSTITIS
- Insertion, replacement or long-term use of a urinary catheter,
- Using a diaphragm or spermicide for birth control
- Difficulty completely emptying the bladder due to stone or tumor,
- Sexual activity and friction caused by sexual activity,
- Weakening of the immune system,
- Wiping from back to front in the toilet,
- The growth of bacteria due to high sugar levels in the urine due to diabetes,
- bladder prolapse, bladder diverticulum, rectocele,
- Decreased estrogen levels due to menopause.
TREATED WITH ANTIBIOTIC
According to the urine analysis performed in women who have had cystitis for the first time, appropriate antibiotic treatment is started. Long-term antibiotic therapy and detailed examination are required in recurrent cystitis. It is very important not to interrupt antibiotics in order to prevent antibiotic resistance. To prevent cystitis, the following should be considered:
- Do not hold your toilet for a long time,
- Wipe from front to back when you go to the toilet.
- Keep your genital area clean and dry,
- Urinate as soon as possible after sex,
- Change your dirty pads immediately,
- take plenty of fluids,
- Do not use talcum powder, scented soap, bubble bath,
- Do not strain hastily while urinating.
- Drinking too much coffee can irritate your bladder,
- Do not consume excessively sugary foods and drinks.
CAN BE DETECTED BY ULTRASOUND AND X-RAY IMAGING
Urinalysis and urine culture allow choosing the right antibiotic for treatment. In cases where the urinalysis is normal although the woman has urinary complaints, it is checked whether there is a factor obstructing the urinary tract such as tumor or stone. This is done with ultrasound and x-ray imaging methods. In chronic cystitis, it is necessary to look inside the bladder with a cystoscope with a camera. In recurrent cystitis, if there is no growth in urine cultures, but there are plenty of white blood cells in the urine in the urine analysis, special tests should be performed for tuberculosis that does not grow in normal urine cultures.