“Dyspnea, which is the most obvious complaint of the coronavirus that we have been fighting lately, can also be a harbinger of many serious diseases. Chest Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Hande İkitimur gave important information about shortness of breath and its causes.”
Shortness of breath; It is not only a complaint of the respiratory system, such as asthma and COPD, but also frequently occurs in heart diseases, anemia and blood diseases, and neurological diseases with muscle weakness. Therefore, when shortness of breath occurs, a doctor should be consulted without wasting time.
Noticing while breathing can be a sign of shortness of breath
Breathing, that is, breathing, is an involuntary state regulated by the brain stem. Noticing that the person is breathing may indicate shortness of breath, that is, dyspnea, and may be a precursor to many underlying diseases.
The cause of shortness of breath should be determined
First of all, after questioning whether shortness of breath is associated with an urgent and important disease, examination and necessary laboratory tests should be performed. When we cannot reach a diagnosis of a disease after listening to the patient, recording the complaint of shortness of breath, requesting the necessary tests and evaluating the results, the presence of a psychiatric disease should also be investigated, especially the panic attack. Questioning whether there are signs of psychiatric disease or use of psychiatric drugs during the history taken from the patient regarding shortness of breath will allow the patient to be referred to the appropriate branch in the early period for complaints.
Watch out for sudden onset of shortness of breath
Knowing how shortness of breath manifests and how long it has been going on helps to identify many diseases that will require emergency treatment. For example, wheezing associated with sudden onset of shortness of breath may be a sign of asthma and heart failure. It informs us that in the case of very rapidly developing shortness of breath and chest pain, the foreign body may enter the trachea or the person may have a heart attack. Slowly progressive shortness of breath is a condition that we see mostly in respiratory system diseases.
It can be a sign of many diseases
Shortness of breath is one of the most common complaints in asthma and bronchitis. Asthma is a disease that progresses with attacks, so shortness of breath is not continuous and usually occurs after encountering triggering factors. Shortness of breath occurs after triggering factors such as smoking, infections, allergens, reflux, and stress, and the accompanying cough and wheezing in the morning are the indications that the diagnosis of shortness of breath is caused by asthma. Another important cause of shortness of breath is COPD, that is, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is an important health problem in recent years. COPD is an important cause of morbidity and death worldwide. Shortness of breath starts in the very early period in this disease, but the diagnosis of the disease is difficult because the patients put forward reasons such as smoking, old age and less movement as the cause of shortness of breath.
Shortness of breath is one of the important complaints of heart diseases, so the patient should be asked whether he has a heart disease. Shortness of breath is also a precursor to many diseases such as anemia, thyroid gland diseases and muscle diseases. Obesity, that is, obesity, is also one of the important causes of shortness of breath, patients apply to the physician with the complaint of shortness of breath that develops and gradually increases while continuing their daily activities. Shortness of breath is also an important complaint in sleep apnea disease, accompanied by snoring at night and cessation of breathing during sleep.
Shortness of breath at rest should be taken seriously
A person’s exercise capacity reflects the degree of dyspnea. Dyspnea at rest is the most severe shortness of breath. While describing the patient’s complaint of shortness of breath, his speech and body position also provide information about the degree of shortness of breath. Shortness of breath should be considered serious in a person who cannot complete sentences, speaks slowly and intermittently with words, and who cannot lie on his back on a stretcher during the examination.