Leg pain, which usually occurs due to being inactive for a long time or standing for a long time, is a health problem that affects a person’s life. Diseases can also manifest themselves with the pain they cause in certain parts of our body. There may be many reasons behind the leg pain you are experiencing. Restless legs syndrome is one of them. So what are the other causes of leg pain? How is it treated? Details are here!
What is leg pain?
Leg pain is the pain felt in the area between the ankle and the waist region, which can also be seen due to being inactive for a long time or standing for a long time. Pain in the leg area can be based on many different causes. Leg pain, which is frequently encountered in daily life due to activities that cause excessive strain on the body, can also be seen as a symptom of a serious disease that affects vital functions such as heart attack and stroke in some cases.
What causes leg pain?
Leg pain, which occurs for many different reasons, can be caused by the muscle and bone system, as well as due to vascular and nerve diseases. One of the most common causes of leg pain after leg pain noticed after physical activities is vascular problems.
restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome, which causes symptoms such as involuntary twitching of the legs and the desire to constantly move, is characterized by the complaint of leg pain that starts at night.
In the presence of narrowing in the spinal canal or herniated disc, the mass lesion presents as leg pain as it puts pressure on the nerve. With the tearing or slipping of the discs that act as a cushion between the vertebrae, the nerve going to the leg is suppressed. Complaints of weakness in the legs, muscle spasm and leg pain usually occur at rest and when carrying heavy loads. Leg pain due to narrowing of the spinal canal occurs while walking. It can also cause complaints such as tingling and numbness along with pain.
Factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, smoking and advanced age are among the causes of vascular occlusion. Pain and numbness in one or both legs increase during physical activity and often decrease during rest. Slowing of blood circulation due to plaques formed in the veins, hardening of the arteries, although it causes a feeling of pain in the legs; It also causes blockages in the vessels leading to the heart, brain and other vital internal organs. Atherosclerosis may lead to complaints such as leg pain, swelling, cold feeling, bruising and open wound formation in the leg.
Leg pain may occur due to compression of the sciatic nerve, which is the longest and widest nerve in the human body, in the hip region. In addition to this pain, which usually occurs in the upper part of the knee, nerve compression caused by excessive pressure on the nerves in the leg can also cause leg pain. Nerve compression with symptoms such as tingling, muscle pulling, burning, numbness and pain; It may occur due to obesity, postural disorder, excessive exercise, trauma.
In knee joint problems, the pain increases with walking and standing. The pain is usually around the knee. Calcification is caused by the locking that occurs as a result of wear on the joints, tearing of the cartilage. Pain in the hip joint increases with walking. Pain is felt in the thigh bones, defined as the groin area and the femur. Pain originating from the waist joint is felt in the hip region.
Leg pain in diabetic patients; shows numbness, burning and tingling. Wound formation can also be seen on the leg surface due to nerve damage. Pain intensity may increase with physical activity.
Leg pain, which is among the most common pregnancy symptoms, is largely due to weight gain. This situation, which is related to the strength of the leg muscles of the expectant mother, becomes more severe especially in advanced age pregnancies. Starting a pregnancy with weight also causes leg pain during pregnancy. The risk of diabetes in pregnancies that start overweight is also among the factors that trigger severe pain in the legs.
leg pain treatment
When the person applies to the hospital with the complaint of leg pain, the physician performs a detailed physical examination of the patient. Then, when he deems it necessary, he requests a radiological examination. In some cases, it requests EMG to investigate nerve functionality and measure nerves. As a result of the examination and evaluation, the factor causing leg pain is determined and appropriate treatment is arranged.