6 important signs of breast cancer

Breast cancer is undoubtedly the nightmare of almost every woman. However, many women avoid self-examination and mammography because of the fear that they will have a mass. However, in developed countries, early diagnosis saves lives in breast cancer that develops in one out of every 8 women during their lifetime. So much so that early diagnosis allows the tumor to be surgically removed when it is in its initial stage. Here are 6 signs of breast cancer that will save lives with early diagnosis…

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1. A mass in the breast or armpit
The most common complaint of patients is a ‘palpable mass’. The mass is mostly painless, slides under the hand and exhibits an irregular border. Sometimes, a hard structure that is sensitive to the touch and adhered to the chest wall can be felt. Undoubtedly, every palpable mass in the breast is not a malignant tumor. Palpable masses can be seen in the breasts of many women of childbearing age before the menstrual period, and these are often benign breast diseases such as fibroadenoma and fibrocystic disease.

Medical Oncology Specialist Prof. Dr. Gül Başaran underlined that only if the mass remains the same without shrinking after the menstrual period or if it grows in a short time, it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor. This picture can also point to breast cancer,” he says.

2. Discharge from the nipple
In some hormonal changes, a milky discharge may come from the nipple. However, if there is a red-brown discharge, it may be due to a type of breast tumor called the “papilloma” group. In this case, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

3. It is very important to consult a doctor if the shape change of the breast, asymmetry
is disturbed by the symmetry of the two breasts or any shape change is detected. Any change in the skin of the breast or thickening of the skin also requires you to consult a doctor.

4. Inward retraction of the nipple
Nipple retraction and collapse can also be a sign of breast cancer.

5. Nipple scarring, peeling, scaling
Changes such as red pink scar, peeling, flaking on the nipple can be a signal of breast cancer.

6. Swelling, redness and pain in the breast
A painful, swollen, pink and reddened breast can be an indicator of the inflammatory form of breast cancer. However, this situation can also be seen due to breast inflammation called “mastitis” due to breastfeeding, especially in breastfeeding mothers. In these cases, it is very important that the patient is examined by the doctor, followed up with the necessary imaging and a biopsy is performed quickly if necessary.

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