The cold weather increases the incidence of respiratory tract infections . Diseases affecting the respiratory tract can spread rapidly in closed environments; shortness of breath , sputum and cough negatively affect the quality of life of the person. G Chest Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Necla Songür gave information about the precautions to be taken regarding the most common diseases in winter.
The temperature change in the air facilitates the emergence of viral and bacterial infections . In particular, people with asthma and respiratory allergy should be more careful than people who are not allergic to all kinds of respiratory tract infections. Because these people can catch the flu more easily. The flu triggers existing allergies and the body’s defense system drops as the person has to fight both the flu and allergies. Since the weakening of the defense system causes the disease to heal later and the use of more drugs, it can even lead to loss of life in case of chronicity.
Allergic diseases can be triggered in winter
In winter , lower and upper respiratory tract infections such as flu, sinusitis, laryngitis, bronchitis and pneumonia are frequently seen. Symptoms such as weakness, malaise, sore throat, sneezing, cough, fever, runny nose occur in respiratory tract infections. Allergies experienced during these months may also present with similar symptoms. The increase in humidity due to precipitation and some seasonal pollen also trigger allergic diseases. It is recommended that people with an allergic body do not spend time outdoors as much as possible and should not stay for a long time, especially in forests, grasslands, and places with plenty of trees.
Be on the lookout for pneumonia!
Influenza, which is frequently seen in winter months, can quickly progress to the lower respiratory tract and cause viral pneumonia if left untreated. Pneumonia can also be life-threatening when it is confused with the flu and its treatment is delayed. High fever, which does not exceed 3 days, and poor mood are among the most important symptoms of pneumonia.
To increase your resistance, try to spend time outside despite the cold weather
Spending time outdoors even if the weather is cold helps both to benefit from the sun more and to protect from seasonal depression. Because some hormones are secreted more in this season with the decrease of the sun. This puts the person in a more depressed mood. However, it is also important for people with respiratory allergies to protect themselves against environmental factors.
15 golden rules to avoid winter diseases
1. Consume protein-rich foods such as fish, milk, eggs, red and white meat to strengthen body resistance.
2. Don’t miss out on calcium-rich foods such as green leafy seasonal vegetables, milk and yogurt.
3. Avoid stored and frozen foods as much as possible.
4. Eat seasonal fruits and vegetables.
5. Take probiotic, vitamin and mineral supplements to strengthen the immune system.
6. Try to sleep at least 6-7 hours a day.
7. Take advantage of the fresh air and sun in the open air whenever you can during the day.
8. Exercise at least 5 days a week. If you are allergic, prefer swimming.
9. Choose clothes suitable for the weather conditions, neither too thick nor too thin during the temperature changes.
10. Get a flu and pneumonia vaccine at the beginning of autumn.
11. Wash your hands frequently.
12. Protect yourself from contact with people who have the flu or cold.
13. Clean frequently touched items regularly.
14. Ventilate places where you spend a long time, such as home and office.
15. Avoid crowds as much as possible.